The death of a baby before his or her first birthday is called infant mortality. The infant mortality rate is an estimate of the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. This rate is often used as an indicator to measure the health and well-being of a nation, because factors affecting the health of entire populations can also impact the mortality rate of infants. There are obvious differences in infant mortality by age, race, and ethnicity; for instance, the mortality rate for non-Hispanic black infants is more than twice that of non-Hispanic white infants.
Health of babies depends on the health of the population—not only mothers but fathers, families, and society. US infant mortality rate (6.7 per 1,000 births) 28th among industrialized countries.
Click the widget below to compare infant mortality rates worldwide
Preconception health care is an important strategy to reducing the infant mortality rate. “Good preconception health and health care means living a safe, healthy lifestyle and managing any current health conditions before getting pregnant.” All men and women can benefit from preconception care, whether or not they plan on having a child because preconception care is about getting and staying healthy.
Preconception care information for women can be found here
Preconception care information for men can be found here